This report presents a review of the Greenland potential resources for undiscovered deposits of critical minerals, focusing on the raw materials labelled as critical by the European Commission in 2014.
The Greenland marginal ice-free zone makes up about 0.4 million km2, hosting complex geological terranes, that represent almost four billion years of geological history, covering the spectrum from Archaean to recent processes. This makes Greenland favourable for finding and exploiting a wide range of mineral resources including some of the critical minerals. GEUS and the Greenland Ministry of Mineral Resources (MMR) have since 2009 held annual regional mineral resource assessment workshops on selected commodities. The approach applied in these assessments constitutes the background for this review.